A bunion is a bony protrusion on the side of the foot near the big toe. Bunions can become painfully inflamed as the interior of the shoes rubs against them throughout the day. Without treatment, bunions can get worse and lead to additional problems. At-home treatments can reduce inflammation and pain, as well as prevent bunions from getting worse. More serious cases might require professional treatment. The skilled podiatrists at Berkshire Podiatry Center in Wyomissing can help provide bunion relief through at-home or professional treatments.
Bunions Development of Bunions
Bunions can develop when the metatarsophalangeal toe joint slips out of place or is dislocated. This can happen due to an injury, a faulty foot structure, or a medical condition such as arthritis. The metatarsophalangeal joint connects the big toe to the foot. When it shifts out of place the big toe tends to lean toward the smaller toes, which causes the other end of the dislocated joint to stick out the side of the foot and form a bunion.
Wearing shoes that are too tight or extremely narrow can further aggravate a bunion. The friction produced when the shoes rub against the side of the foot can cause redness, inflammation, soreness, pain, and a burning sensation. Continuing to wear shoes that crowd the toes can even contribute to the bunion getting worse. Wearing roomier footwear can help.
Treating Bunions at Home
Bunions will not get better on their own. Some type of treatment is needed. There are many ways to treat bunions at home that can deliver relief from pain and discomfort and prevent the condition from becoming more serious. At-home methods for treating bunions include:
- Ice — Applying ice to the bunion several times a day helps reduce inflammation and minimize pain.
- Padding — Placing pads over the bunion helps reduce friction from footwear, which can reduce pain and discomfort.
- Activity Modifications — Temporarily reducing or avoiding activities that cause bunion pain, such as standing for extended periods, can prevent inflammation and pain.
- Medications — Over-the-counter pain relievers can reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.
- Changing Shoes — Wearing shoes with sufficient room for the toes while avoiding tight footwear can prevent inflammation, redness, and pain by reducing friction.
At-home bunion treatments can be extremely effective for reducing inflammation, redness, soreness, and other symptoms. However, professional treatment might be needed to correct a dislocated metatarsophalangeal joint. Some of the methods we use for treating bunions at our podiatry office in Wyomissing include night splints to realign the toe joint and custom orthotics to stabilize it. Our knowledgeable podiatrists can develop an individualized treatment approach for you.
Bunions can be treated at home through several methods, but professional treatment is often needed to realign the toe joint if it has become dislocated. Schedule a consultation with one of our experienced podiatrists to discuss the options for treating your bunions by calling Berkshire Podiatry Center in Wyomissing at (610) 373-4154. You can also contact our office in Twin Valley/Morgantown at (610) 286-6340.